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From: Ferruh Yigit <ferruh.yigit@intel.com>
To: dev@dpdk.org, Keith Wiles <keith.wiles@intel.com>
Cc: Ferruh Yigit <ferruh.yigit@intel.com>,
	Stephen Hemminger <stephen@networkplumber.org>,
	Thomas Monjalon <thomas@monjalon.net>
Subject: [dpdk-dev] [PATCH] doc: note KNI alternatives and deprecation plan
Date: Wed, 23 Jun 2021 18:31:42 +0100
Message-ID: <20210623173142.3803801-1-ferruh.yigit@intel.com> (raw)

Add a note that KNI kernel module will be moved to dpdk-kmods git repo
and there is a long term plan to deprecate it.

Also add some more details on the alternatives to KNI and cons of the
KNI against these alternatives.

Signed-off-by: Ferruh Yigit <ferruh.yigit@intel.com>
 doc/guides/nics/tap.rst                       |  2 +
 .../prog_guide/kernel_nic_interface.rst       | 38 +++++++++++++++++--
 2 files changed, 37 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/doc/guides/nics/tap.rst b/doc/guides/nics/tap.rst
index 3ce696b605d1..07315fe32422 100644
--- a/doc/guides/nics/tap.rst
+++ b/doc/guides/nics/tap.rst
@@ -1,6 +1,8 @@
 ..  SPDX-License-Identifier: BSD-3-Clause
     Copyright(c) 2016 Intel Corporation.
+.. _TunTap_PMD:
 Tun|Tap Poll Mode Driver
diff --git a/doc/guides/prog_guide/kernel_nic_interface.rst b/doc/guides/prog_guide/kernel_nic_interface.rst
index 1ce03ec1a374..29f8c92fd9d6 100644
--- a/doc/guides/prog_guide/kernel_nic_interface.rst
+++ b/doc/guides/prog_guide/kernel_nic_interface.rst
@@ -6,16 +6,48 @@
 Kernel NIC Interface
+.. Note::
+   KNI kernel module will be removed from main git repository to `dpdk-kmods <https://git.dpdk.org/dpdk-kmods/>`_
+   repository by the `DPDK technical board decision <https://mails.dpdk.org/archives/dev/2021-January/197077.html>`_.
+   Also there is a `long term plan <https://mails.dpdk.org/archives/dev/2021-May/209026.html>`_ to deprecate the KNI.
+   :ref:`virtio_user_as_exceptional_path` alternative is preferred way for
+   interfacing with Linux network stack as it is being in-kernel solution and
+   similar performance expectations.
 The DPDK Kernel NIC Interface (KNI) allows userspace applications access to the Linux* control plane.
-The benefits of using the DPDK KNI are:
+KNI allows an interface with the kernel network stack and allows management of
+DPDK ports using standard Linux net tools such as ``ethtool``, ``ifconfig`` and
+Main use case of KNI is get/receive exception packets from/to Linux network
+stack while main datapath IO is done bypassing the networking stack.
+There are other alternatives to KNI, all are available in the upstream Linux:
+#. :ref:`TunTap_PMD` as wrapper to `Linux tun/tap
+   <https://www.kernel.org/doc/Documentation/networking/tuntap.txt>`_
+#. :ref:`virtio_user_as_exceptional_path`
+The benefits of using the DPDK KNI against alternatives are:
 *   Faster than existing Linux TUN/TAP interfaces
     (by eliminating system calls and copy_to_user()/copy_from_user() operations.
-*   Allows management of DPDK ports using standard Linux net tools such as ethtool, ifconfig and tcpdump.
+The cons of the DPDK KNI are:
+* It is out-of-tree Linux kernel module and it can't be distributed as binary as
+  part of OSV DPDK packages. This makes it harder to consume, although it is
+  always possible to compile it from the source code.
+* As it shares memory between userspace and kernelspace, and kernel part
+  directly uses input provided by userspace, it is not safe. This makes hard to
+  upstream the module.
-*   Allows an interface with the kernel network stack.
+* Only a subset of control commands are supported by KNI.
 The components of an application using the DPDK Kernel NIC Interface are shown in :numref:`figure_kernel_nic_intf`.

             reply	other threads:[~2021-06-23 17:32 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 15+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-06-23 17:31 Ferruh Yigit [this message]
2021-06-23 18:33 ` Stephen Hemminger
2021-06-24  8:19   ` Ferruh Yigit
2021-07-30 12:48 ` Olivier Matz
2021-11-23 10:21   ` Ferruh Yigit
2021-08-20 12:58 ` David Marchand
2021-11-23 10:42   ` Ferruh Yigit
2021-11-23 12:08 ` [PATCH v2 1/2] doc: note KNI alternatives Ferruh Yigit
2021-11-23 12:08   ` [PATCH v2 2/2] doc: announce KNI deprecation Ferruh Yigit
2021-11-24 14:00     ` Thomas Monjalon
2021-11-24 13:58   ` [PATCH v2 1/2] doc: note KNI alternatives Thomas Monjalon
2021-11-24 14:19     ` Ferruh Yigit
2021-11-24 17:16 ` [PATCH v3 " Ferruh Yigit
2021-11-24 17:16   ` [PATCH v3 2/2] doc: announce KNI deprecation Ferruh Yigit
2021-12-01 16:31   ` [PATCH v3 1/2] doc: note KNI alternatives Morten Brørup

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