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From: Slava Ovsiienko <viacheslavo@mellanox.com>
To: "Phil Yang (Arm Technology China)" <Phil.Yang@arm.com>,
	Matan Azrad <matan@mellanox.com>,
	Nélio Laranjeiro <nelio.laranjeiro@6wind.com>,
	"dev@dpdk.org" <dev@dpdk.org>
Cc: Thomas Monjalon <thomas@monjalon.net>,
	"jerinj@marvell.com" <jerinj@marvell.com>,
	Honnappa Nagarahalli <Honnappa.Nagarahalli@arm.com>,
	"Gavin Hu (Arm Technology China)" <Gavin.Hu@arm.com>,
	nd <nd@arm.com>, "stable@dpdk.org" <stable@dpdk.org>,
	Steve Capper <Steve.Capper@arm.com>, nd <nd@arm.com>
Subject: Re: [dpdk-stable] [PATCH 2/2] net/mlx5: fix Tx CQ doorbell synchronization on aarch64
Date: Mon, 9 Sep 2019 11:29:14 +0000
Message-ID: <VI1PR05MB327897B8BAE57DC5C090D71BD2B70@VI1PR05MB3278.eurprd05.prod.outlook.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <VE1PR08MB46407FA1C8086058B4E40D04E9B70@VE1PR08MB4640.eurprd08.prod.outlook.com>

> -----Original Message-----
> From: Phil Yang (Arm Technology China) <Phil.Yang@arm.com>
> Sent: Monday, September 9, 2019 13:12
> To: Slava Ovsiienko <viacheslavo@mellanox.com>; Yongseok Koh
> <yskoh@mellanox.com>; Matan Azrad <matan@mellanox.com>; Nélio
> Laranjeiro <nelio.laranjeiro@6wind.com>; dev@dpdk.org
> Cc: Thomas Monjalon <thomas@monjalon.net>; jerinj@marvell.com;
> Honnappa Nagarahalli <Honnappa.Nagarahalli@arm.com>; Gavin Hu (Arm
> Technology China) <Gavin.Hu@arm.com>; nd <nd@arm.com>;
> stable@dpdk.org; Steve Capper <Steve.Capper@arm.com>; nd
> <nd@arm.com>
> Subject: RE: [PATCH 2/2] net/mlx5: fix Tx CQ doorbell synchronization on
> aarch64
> 
> > -----Original Message-----
> > From: Slava Ovsiienko <viacheslavo@mellanox.com>
> > Sent: Friday, September 6, 2019 8:27 PM
> > To: Phil Yang (Arm Technology China) <Phil.Yang@arm.com>;
> > yskoh@mellanox.com; Matan Azrad <matan@mellanox.com>; Nélio
> Laranjeiro
> > <nelio.laranjeiro@6wind.com>; dev@dpdk.org
> > Cc: thomas@monjalon.net; jerinj@marvell.com; Honnappa Nagarahalli
> > <Honnappa.Nagarahalli@arm.com>; Gavin Hu (Arm Technology China)
> > <Gavin.Hu@arm.com>; nd <nd@arm.com>; stable@dpdk.org; nd
> <nd@arm.com>
> > Subject: RE: [PATCH 2/2] net/mlx5: fix Tx CQ doorbell synchronization
> > on
> > aarch64
> >
> > Hi, Phil
> >
> > Thanks for explanations, please, see below.
> >
> > > -----Original Message-----
> > > From: Phil Yang (Arm Technology China) <Phil.Yang@arm.com>
> > > Sent: Friday, September 6, 2019 10:20
> > > To: Slava Ovsiienko <viacheslavo@mellanox.com>; Yongseok Koh
> > > <yskoh@mellanox.com>; Matan Azrad <matan@mellanox.com>; Nélio
> > > Laranjeiro <nelio.laranjeiro@6wind.com>; dev@dpdk.org
> > > Cc: Thomas Monjalon <thomas@monjalon.net>; jerinj@marvell.com;
> > > Honnappa Nagarahalli <Honnappa.Nagarahalli@arm.com>; Gavin Hu
> (Arm
> > > Technology China) <Gavin.Hu@arm.com>; nd <nd@arm.com>;
> > > stable@dpdk.org; nd <nd@arm.com>
> > > Subject: RE: [PATCH 2/2] net/mlx5: fix Tx CQ doorbell
> > > synchronization on
> > > aarch64
> > >
> > > Hi, Slava
> > >
> > > Thanks for your comments.
> > >
> > > > -----Original Message-----
> > > > From: Slava Ovsiienko <viacheslavo@mellanox.com>
> > > > Sent: Thursday, September 5, 2019 8:12 PM
> > > > To: Phil Yang (Arm Technology China) <Phil.Yang@arm.com>;
> > > > yskoh@mellanox.com; Matan Azrad <matan@mellanox.com>; Nélio
> > > Laranjeiro
> > > > <nelio.laranjeiro@6wind.com>; dev@dpdk.org
> > > > Cc: thomas@monjalon.net; jerinj@marvell.com; Honnappa Nagarahalli
> > > > <Honnappa.Nagarahalli@arm.com>; Gavin Hu (Arm Technology China)
> > > > <Gavin.Hu@arm.com>; nd <nd@arm.com>; stable@dpdk.org
> > > > Subject: RE: [PATCH 2/2] net/mlx5: fix Tx CQ doorbell
> > > > synchronization on
> > > > aarch64
> > > >
> > > > Hi, Phil
> > > >
> > > > This point is in datapath and performance is very critical.
> > > > The rte_cio_wmb() may take a lot of CPU cycles, waiting till all
> > > > previous writes become visible for all external (relating to core) agents.
> > > > The Tx CQE doorbelling does not need any writes to other locations
> > > > to be completed,
> > >
> > > In my understanding, the PMD needs to wait till all txq fields
> > > update is completed then ring the doorbell for HW.
> > > Before the Tx CQE doorbelling, it will update the producer index of
> > > work queue in Tx queue descriptor (at line 2037).
> >
> > txq->wqe_pi is exclusively software field, not related to HW directly.
> > We should not wait for write completions to this one (assuming the
> > tx_burst() must be called with strict affinity settings and core can't be
> changed).
> 
> Understood, I really appreciate your explanation.
> Could you please review the 1/2 patch in this series? All your comments are
> welcomed.
I could, but there is more reliable way - I asked the more Rx datapath experienced guy to do it.
If we find he is too busy, I'll review the rx related part by myself.
> >
> > There may be some concern about reading from "last_cqe->wqe_counter"
> > at the line 2037. The compiler barrier was implemented to guarantee
> > this read is issued before doorbell write.
> >
> > As for possible reordering these operations (read index from CQE at
> > 2037 and write to CQ doorbell register at 2046):
> >
> > a) read is performed from already cached area (we touched this CQE
> > performing ownership check very recently) so it is quite unlikely to
> > be completed after the doorbell write
> 
> Yes. The "last_cqe->we_counter " is cached. However, it might not
> guarantee the cached data is valid when CPU issues the read operation.
> Because mlx5_cqe is in the coherent memory and is shared with the HW, so
> updating of any other filed in CQE will invalid the whole cache line.
> In that case, it is possible to complete the doorbell write before the
> wqe_counter read completed.
> So we might need a rte_cio_rmb() here, right?

Due to b) bullet below in my earlier reply, it does not matter whether 
read from CQE is reordered with write to CQ doorbell or not. CQE being read
can't be overwritten (by HW) by issued completion requests (already issued to HW
in sending queue, we could say these requests are "in flight" now) - completion queue
is large enough to store all of them without overwriting this last CQE being read
in handle completion.

New completion request (within WQEs)  is issued with write to SQ doorbell, which actually
is prepended with "true" rte_cio_wmb(). Actually, we could drop the compiler barrier ever,
but we do not dare 😊. It is not bad to have some inexpensive (or ever free of charge) insurance
from unexpected code optimization done by compiler after some refactoring
(porting to new platform, etc).

WBR, Slava
> 
> >
> > b) The only risk to read wrong data is the case of CQE overwriting by
> > HW with CQ buffer overflow. We create the CQ ring buffer with some
> > extra space, so completions which are "in-flight" can't overwrite the
> > CQE is being read.
> >
> > The new completion request may be issued by setting flags in WQE
> > descriptors and following SQ doorbell write, which is already
> > prepended by wmb.
> > (in mlx5_tx_dbrec_cond_wmb(), line 4733). So, it seems there is no
> > chance for CQE to be overwritten.
> >
> > > The compiler barrier cannot guarantee the ordering of these
> > > operations. So use the explicit HW fence to achieve that.
> > >
> > > As same as the HW Tx doorbell in vectorized Tx burst routine, it
> > > uses a write memory barrier to enforce the register update visible to HW
> immediately.
> > > Section 32.5.2 in
> > >
> > https://doc.d
> > >
> >
> pdk.org%2Fguides%2Fnics%2Fmlx5.html&amp;data=02%7C01%7Cviacheslav
> > >
> o%40mellanox.com%7C76938b08a9f145c4a0dd08d7329ab932%7Ca652971
> > >
> c7d2e4d9ba6a4d149256f461b%7C0%7C1%7C637033512428674501&amp;sd
> > >
> >
> ata=8tdVjY0%2FHOUFo1%2BeHiuqkPadSS%2FHLeo4b97gdgEHgME%3D&am
> > > p;reserved=0
> >
> > This is quite different case. PMD build descriptors (WQEs) in the
> > memory and must guarantee these data are visible for external agents
> > before SQ (sending queue, not completion queue) doorbelling. Now there
> > are no vectorized Tx routines (since 19.08), but, of course, we still
> > have the "true" write memory barrier (in
> > mlx5_tx_dbrec_cond_wmb)
> > for this case.
> >
> > >
> > > > the only concern is not to reorder/merge the writes to the same
> > > > doorbell register of the same sending queue in the tx_burst()
> > > > internal
> > > sending loop/subsequent calls.
> > > >
> > > > As far as I know - the writes to the same location should not be
> > > > reordered by any arch (may be merged if memory settings allow
> > > > this, it is not critical for CQE doorbell), could you, please,
> > > > explain why we need explicit hardware fence before CQE doorbell
> > > > update? Do you think doorbell write might be rearranged with
> > > > previously reads from the ring
> > > buffer?
> > > >
> > > > WBR,
> > > > Slava
> > > >
> > > > > -----Original Message-----
> > > > > From: Phil Yang <phil.yang@arm.com>
> > > > > Sent: Thursday, September 5, 2019 13:55
> > > > > To: Yongseok Koh <yskoh@mellanox.com>; Slava Ovsiienko
> > > > > <viacheslavo@mellanox.com>; Matan Azrad
> <matan@mellanox.com>;
> > > > Nélio
> > > > > Laranjeiro <nelio.laranjeiro@6wind.com>; dev@dpdk.org
> > > > > Cc: Thomas Monjalon <thomas@monjalon.net>; jerinj@marvell.com;
> > > > > Honnappa.Nagarahalli@arm.com; gavin.hu@arm.com;
> nd@arm.com;
> > > > > stable@dpdk.org
> > > > > Subject: [PATCH 2/2] net/mlx5: fix Tx CQ doorbell
> > > > > synchronization on
> > > > > aarch64
> > > > >
> > > > > For the weaker memory model processors, the compiler barrier is
> > > > > not sufficient to guarantee the coherent memory update be
> > > > > observed by I/O device. It needs the coherent I/O memory barrier
> > > > > to enforce the ordering
> > > > of
> > > > > Tx completion queue doorbell operation.
> > > > >
> > > > > Fixes: da1df1ccabad ("net/mlx5: fix completion queue drain
> > > > > loop")
> > > > > Cc: stable@dpdk.org
> > > > >
> > > > > Suggested-by: Gavin Hu <gavin.hu@arm.com>
> > > > > Signed-off-by: Phil Yang <phil.yang@arm.com>
> > > > > Reviewed-by: Gavin Hu <gavin.hu@arm.com>
> > > > > ---
> > > > >  drivers/net/mlx5/mlx5_rxtx.c | 2 +-
> > > > >  1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)
> > > > >
> > > > > diff --git a/drivers/net/mlx5/mlx5_rxtx.c
> > > > > b/drivers/net/mlx5/mlx5_rxtx.c index 4c01187..c11148b 100644
> > > > > --- a/drivers/net/mlx5/mlx5_rxtx.c
> > > > > +++ b/drivers/net/mlx5/mlx5_rxtx.c
> > > > > @@ -2042,7 +2042,7 @@ mlx5_tx_comp_flush(struct mlx5_txq_data
> > > > > *restrict txq,
> > > > >  	} else {
> > > > >  		return;
> > > > >  	}
> > > > > -	rte_compiler_barrier();
> > > > > +	rte_cio_wmb();
> > > > >  	*txq->cq_db = rte_cpu_to_be_32(txq->cq_ci);
> > > > >  	if (likely(tail != txq->elts_tail)) {
> > > > >  		mlx5_tx_free_elts(txq, tail, olx);
> > > > > --
> > > > > 2.7.4


  reply index

Thread overview: 10+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-09-05 10:55 [dpdk-stable] [PATCH 1/2] net/mlx5: fix Rx " Phil Yang
2019-09-05 10:55 ` [dpdk-stable] [PATCH 2/2] net/mlx5: fix Tx " Phil Yang
2019-09-05 12:12   ` Slava Ovsiienko
2019-09-06  7:20     ` Phil Yang (Arm Technology China)
2019-09-06 12:26       ` Slava Ovsiienko
2019-09-09 10:12         ` Phil Yang (Arm Technology China)
2019-09-09 11:29           ` Slava Ovsiienko [this message]
2019-09-10  9:22             ` Phil Yang (Arm Technology China)
2019-09-10  7:22 ` [dpdk-stable] [PATCH 1/2] net/mlx5: fix Rx " Matan Azrad
2019-09-12  8:29 ` [dpdk-stable] [dpdk-dev] " Raslan Darawsheh

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