DPDK patches and discussions
 help / color / mirror / Atom feed
From: Thomas Monjalon <thomas@monjalon.net>
To: Bing Zhao <bingz@nvidia.com>
Cc: orika@nvidia.com, ferruh.yigit@intel.com,
	andrew.rybchenko@oktetlabs.ru, dev@dpdk.org,
	ajit.khaparde@broadcom.com, jerinj@marvell.com,
	humin29@huawei.com, rosen.xu@intel.com, hemant.agrawal@nxp.com
Subject: Re: [dpdk-dev] [PATCH v2 1/2] ethdev: introduce conntrack flow action and item
Date: Fri, 16 Apr 2021 12:49:58 +0200
Message-ID: <2924323.ELig26xF5v@thomas> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <1618504877-95597-2-git-send-email-bingz@nvidia.com>

15/04/2021 18:41, Bing Zhao:
> This commit introduced the conntrack action and item.
> 
> Usually the HW offloading is stateless. For some stateful offloading
> like a TCP connection, HW module will help provide the ability of a
> full offloading w/o SW participation after the connection was
> established.
> 
> The basic usage is that in the first flow the application should add
> the conntrack action and in the following flow(s) the application
> should use the conntrack item to match on the result.

You probably mean "flow rule", not "traffic flow".
Please make it clear to avoid confusion.

> A TCP connection has two directions traffic. To set a conntrack
> action context correctly, information from packets of both directions
> are required.
> 
> The conntrack action should be created on one port and supply the
> peer port as a parameter to the action. After context creating, it
> could only be used between the ports (dual-port mode) or a single
> port. The application should modify the action via the API
> "action_handle_update" only when before using it to create a flow
> with opposite direction. This will help the driver to recognize the
> direction of the flow to be created, especially in single port mode.
> The traffic from both directions will go through the same port if
> the application works as an "forwarding engine" but not a end point.
> There is no need to call the update interface if the subsequent flows
> have nothing to be changed.

I am not sure this is a feature description for the commit log
or an usage explanation for the doc.
In any case, please distinguish "ethdev port" and "TCP port"
to avoid confusion.

> Query will be supported via action_ctx_query interface, about the
> current packets information and connection status. Tha fields
> query capabilities depends on the HW.
> 
> For the packets received during the conntrack setup, it is suggested
> to re-inject the packets in order to take full advantage of the

What do you mean by "full advantage"?
It is counter-intuitive to re-inject for offloading.
Does it improve the performance?

> conntrack. Only the valid packets should pass the conntrack, packets
> with invalid TCP information, like out of window, or with invalid
> header, like malformed, should not pass.
> 
> Naming and definition:

You mean naming is inspired from Linux?

> https://elixir.bootlin.com/linux/latest/source/include/uapi/linux/netfilter/nf_conntrack_tcp.h
> https://elixir.bootlin.com/linux/latest/source/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_proto_tcp.c
> 
> Other reference:
> https://www.usenix.org/legacy/events/sec01/invitedtalks/rooij.pdf
> 
> Signed-off-by: Bing Zhao <bingz@nvidia.com>
[...]
> +	/**
> +	 * [META]
> +	 *
> +	 * Matches conntrack state.
> +	 *
> +	 * See struct rte_flow_item_conntrack.

Please use @see for hyperlink in doxygen.

> +	 */
> +	RTE_FLOW_ITEM_TYPE_CONNTRACK,
>  };
[...]
> +/**
> + * The packet is with valid state after conntrack checking.

"is with valid state" looks strange.
I propose "The packet is valid after conntrack checking."

> + */
> +#define RTE_FLOW_CONNTRACK_FLAG_PKT_STATE_VALID (1 << 0)

Please use RTE_BIT32().

> +/**
> + * The state of the connection was changed.
> + */
> +#define RTE_FLOW_CONNTRACK_FLAG_PKT_STATE_CHANGED (1 << 1)
> +/**
> + * Error is detected on this packet for this connection and
> + * an invalid state is set.
> + */
> +#define RTE_FLOW_CONNTRACK_FLAG_PKT_STATE_INVAL (1 << 2)

"INVAL" is strange. Can we add the missing 2 characters?
RTE_FLOW_CONNTRACK_FLAG_PKT_STATE_INVALID

On a related note, do we really need the word FLAG?
And it is conflicting with the prefix in
enum rte_flow_conntrack_tcp_last_index
I think RTE_FLOW_CONNTRACK_PKT_STATE_ is a good prefix, long enough.

> +/**
> + * The HW connection tracking module is disabled.
> + * It can be due to application command or an invalid state.
> + */
> +#define RTE_FLOW_CONNTRACK_FLAG_HW_DISABLED (1 << 3)

This one does not have PKT in its name.
And it is limiting to HW, while the driver could implement conntrack in SW.
I propose RTE_FLOW_CONNTRACK_PKT_DISABLED

> +/**
> + * The packet contains some bad field(s) and cannot continue
> + * with the conntrack module checking.
> + */
> +#define RTE_FLOW_CONNTRACK_FLAG_PKT_BAD (1 << 4)
> +
> +/**
> + * @warning
> + * @b EXPERIMENTAL: this structure may change without prior notice
> + *
> + * RTE_FLOW_ITEM_TYPE_CONNTRACK
> + *
> + * Matches the state of a packet after it passed the connection tracking
> + * examination. The state is a bit mask of one RTE_FLOW_CONNTRACK_FLAG*

s/bit mask/bitmap/ ?

RTE_FLOW_CONNTRACK_PKT_STATE_*
otherwise it is messed with rte_flow_conntrack_tcp_last_index

> + * or a reasonable combination of these bits.
> + */
> +struct rte_flow_item_conntrack {
> +	uint32_t flags;
> +};
[...]
> +
> +	/**
> +	 * [META]
> +	 *
> +	 * Enable tracking a TCP connection state.
> +	 *
> +	 * Send packet to HW connection tracking module for examination.

Not necessarily HW.
No packet is sent.
I think you can remove this sentence completely.

> +	 *
> +	 * See struct rte_flow_action_conntrack.

@see

> +	 */
> +	RTE_FLOW_ACTION_TYPE_CONNTRACK,
>  };
>  
>  /**
> @@ -2875,6 +2940,136 @@ struct rte_flow_action_set_dscp {
>   */
>  struct rte_flow_action_handle;
>  
> +/**
> + * The state of a TCP connection.
> + */
> +enum rte_flow_conntrack_state {
> +	/**< SYN-ACK packet was seen. */
> +	RTE_FLOW_CONNTRACK_STATE_SYN_RECV,
> +	/**< 3-way handshark was done. */

s/handshark/handshake/

> +	RTE_FLOW_CONNTRACK_STATE_ESTABLISHED,
> +	/**< First FIN packet was received to close the connection. */
> +	RTE_FLOW_CONNTRACK_STATE_FIN_WAIT,
> +	/**< First FIN was ACKed. */
> +	RTE_FLOW_CONNTRACK_STATE_CLOSE_WAIT,
> +	/**< Second FIN was received, waiting for the last ACK. */
> +	RTE_FLOW_CONNTRACK_STATE_LAST_ACK,
> +	/**< Second FIN was ACKed, connection was closed. */
> +	RTE_FLOW_CONNTRACK_STATE_TIME_WAIT,
> +};
> +
> +/**
> + * The last passed TCP packet flags of a connection.
> + */
> +enum rte_flow_conntrack_tcp_last_index {
> +	RTE_FLOW_CONNTRACK_FLAG_NONE = 0, /**< No Flag. */
> +	RTE_FLOW_CONNTRACK_FLAG_SYN = (1 << 0), /**< With SYN flag. */
> +	RTE_FLOW_CONNTRACK_FLAG_SYNACK = (1 << 1), /**< With SYN+ACK flag. */
> +	RTE_FLOW_CONNTRACK_FLAG_FIN = (1 << 2), /**< With FIN flag. */
> +	RTE_FLOW_CONNTRACK_FLAG_ACK = (1 << 3), /**< With ACK flag. */
> +	RTE_FLOW_CONNTRACK_FLAG_RST = (1 << 4), /**< With RST flag. */
> +};

Please use RTE_BIT32().

> +/**
> + * @warning
> + * @b EXPERIMENTAL: this structure may change without prior notice
> + *
> + * Configuration parameters for each direction of a TCP connection.
> + */
> +struct rte_flow_tcp_dir_param {
> +	uint32_t scale:4; /**< TCP window scaling factor, 0xF to disable. */
> +	uint32_t close_initiated:1; /**< The FIN was sent by this direction. */
> +	/**< An ACK packet has been received by this side. */

Move all comments on their own line before the struct member.
Comment should then start with /**

> +	uint32_t last_ack_seen:1;
> +	/**< If set, indicates that there is unacked data of the connection. */

not sure what means "unacked data of the connection"

> +	uint32_t data_unacked:1;
> +	/**< Maximal value of sequence + payload length over sent
> +	 * packets (next ACK from the opposite direction).
> +	 */
> +	uint32_t sent_end;
> +	/**< Maximal value of (ACK + window size) over received packet + length
> +	 * over sent packet (maximal sequence could be sent).
> +	 */
> +	uint32_t reply_end;
> +	/**< Maximal value of actual window size over sent packets. */
> +	uint32_t max_win;
> +	/**< Maximal value of ACK over sent packets. */
> +	uint32_t max_ack;

Not sure about the word "over" in above definitions.

> +};
> +
> +/**
> + * @warning
> + * @b EXPERIMENTAL: this structure may change without prior notice
> + *
> + * RTE_FLOW_ACTION_TYPE_CONNTRACK
> + *
> + * Configuration and initial state for the connection tracking module.
> + * This structure could be used for both setting and query.
> + */
> +struct rte_flow_action_conntrack {
> +	uint16_t peer_port; /**< The peer port number, can be the same port. */
> +	/**< Direction of this connection when creating a flow, the value only
> +	 * affects the subsequent flows creation.
> +	 */

As for rte_flow_tcp_dir_param, better to move comments before,
on their own line.

> +	uint32_t is_original_dir:1;
> +	/**< Enable / disable the conntrack HW module. When disabled, the
> +	 * result will always be RTE_FLOW_CONNTRACK_FLAG_DISABLED.
> +	 * In this state the HW will act as passthrough.
> +	 * It only affects this conntrack object in the HW without any effect
> +	 * to the other objects.
> +	 */
> +	uint32_t enable:1;
> +	/**< At least one ack was seen, after the connection was established. */
> +	uint32_t live_connection:1;
> +	/**< Enable selective ACK on this connection. */
> +	uint32_t selective_ack:1;
> +	/**< A challenge ack has passed. */
> +	uint32_t challenge_ack_passed:1;
> +	/**< 1: The last packet is seen that comes from the original direction.
> +	 * 0: From the reply direction.
> +	 */
> +	uint32_t last_direction:1;
> +	/**< No TCP check will be done except the state change. */
> +	uint32_t liberal_mode:1;
> +	/**< The current state of the connection. */
> +	enum rte_flow_conntrack_state state;
> +	/**< Scaling factor for maximal allowed ACK window. */
> +	uint8_t max_ack_window;
> +	/**< Maximal allowed number of retransmission times. */
> +	uint8_t retransmission_limit;
> +	/**< TCP parameters of the original direction. */
> +	struct rte_flow_tcp_dir_param original_dir;
> +	/**< TCP parameters of the reply direction. */
> +	struct rte_flow_tcp_dir_param reply_dir;
> +	/**< The window value of the last packet passed this conntrack. */
> +	uint16_t last_window;
> +	enum rte_flow_conntrack_tcp_last_index last_index;
> +	/**< The sequence of the last packet passed this conntrack. */
> +	uint32_t last_seq;
> +	/**< The acknowledgement of the last packet passed this conntrack. */
> +	uint32_t last_ack;
> +	/**< The total value ACK + payload length of the last packet passed
> +	 * this conntrack.
> +	 */
> +	uint32_t last_end;
> +};
> +
> +/**
> + * RTE_FLOW_ACTION_TYPE_CONNTRACK
> + *
> + * Wrapper structure for the context update interface.
> + * Ports cannot support updating, and the only valid solution is to
> + * destroy the old context and create a new one instead.
> + */
> +struct rte_flow_modify_conntrack {
> +	/**< New connection tracking parameters to be updated. */
> +	struct rte_flow_action_conntrack new_ct;
> +	uint32_t direction:1; /**< The direction field will be updated. */
> +	/**< All the other fields except direction will be updated. */
> +	uint32_t state:1;
> +	uint32_t reserved:30; /**< Reserved bits for the future usage. */
> +};




  reply	other threads:[~2021-04-16 10:50 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 45+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-03-18  7:30 [dpdk-dev] [RFC] " Bing Zhao
2021-03-22 15:16 ` Andrew Rybchenko
2021-04-07  7:43   ` Bing Zhao
2021-03-23 23:27 ` Ajit Khaparde
2021-04-07  2:41   ` Bing Zhao
2021-04-10 13:46 ` [dpdk-dev] [PATCH] " Bing Zhao
2021-04-15 16:24   ` Ori Kam
2021-04-15 16:44     ` Bing Zhao
2021-04-15 16:41   ` [dpdk-dev] [PATCH v2 0/2] " Bing Zhao
2021-04-15 16:41     ` [dpdk-dev] [PATCH v2 1/2] " Bing Zhao
2021-04-16 10:49       ` Thomas Monjalon [this message]
2021-04-16 18:18         ` Bing Zhao
2021-04-16 12:41       ` Ori Kam
2021-04-16 18:05         ` Bing Zhao
2021-04-16 21:47           ` Ajit Khaparde
2021-04-17  6:10             ` Bing Zhao
2021-04-17 14:54               ` Ajit Khaparde
2021-04-15 16:41     ` [dpdk-dev] [PATCH v2 2/2] app/testpmd: add CLI for conntrack Bing Zhao
2021-04-16  8:46       ` Ori Kam
2021-04-16 18:20         ` Bing Zhao
2021-04-16 17:54   ` [dpdk-dev] [PATCH v3 0/3] ethdev: introduce conntrack flow action and item Bing Zhao
2021-04-16 17:54     ` [dpdk-dev] [PATCH v3 1/3] " Bing Zhao
2021-04-16 18:30       ` Ajit Khaparde
2021-04-19 14:08         ` Thomas Monjalon
2021-04-19 16:21           ` Bing Zhao
2021-04-19 14:06       ` Thomas Monjalon
2021-04-19 16:13         ` Bing Zhao
2021-04-16 17:54     ` [dpdk-dev] [PATCH v3 2/3] app/testpmd: add CLI for conntrack Bing Zhao
2021-04-16 17:54     ` [dpdk-dev] [PATCH v3 3/3] doc: update " Bing Zhao
2021-04-16 18:22       ` Thomas Monjalon
2021-04-16 18:30       ` Ajit Khaparde
2021-04-19 17:28         ` Bing Zhao
2021-04-19 17:16   ` [dpdk-dev] [PATCH v4 0/3] ethdev: introduce conntrack flow action and item Bing Zhao
2021-04-19 17:16     ` [dpdk-dev] [PATCH v4 1/3] " Bing Zhao
2021-04-19 17:33       ` Ori Kam
2021-04-19 17:16     ` [dpdk-dev] [PATCH v4 2/3] app/testpmd: add CLI for conntrack Bing Zhao
2021-04-19 17:35       ` Ori Kam
2021-04-19 17:16     ` [dpdk-dev] [PATCH v4 3/3] doc: update " Bing Zhao
2021-04-19 17:32       ` Thomas Monjalon
2021-04-19 17:37       ` Ori Kam
2021-04-19 17:51   ` [dpdk-dev] [PATCH v5 0/2] ethdev: introduce conntrack flow action and item Bing Zhao
2021-04-19 17:51     ` [dpdk-dev] [PATCH v5 1/2] " Bing Zhao
2021-04-19 18:07       ` Thomas Monjalon
2021-04-19 23:29         ` Ferruh Yigit
2021-04-19 17:51     ` [dpdk-dev] [PATCH v5 2/2] app/testpmd: add CLI for conntrack Bing Zhao

Reply instructions:

You may reply publicly to this message via plain-text email
using any one of the following methods:

* Save the following mbox file, import it into your mail client,
  and reply-to-all from there: mbox

  Avoid top-posting and favor interleaved quoting:
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Posting_style#Interleaved_style

* Reply using the --to, --cc, and --in-reply-to
  switches of git-send-email(1):

  git send-email \
    --in-reply-to=2924323.ELig26xF5v@thomas \
    --to=thomas@monjalon.net \
    --cc=ajit.khaparde@broadcom.com \
    --cc=andrew.rybchenko@oktetlabs.ru \
    --cc=bingz@nvidia.com \
    --cc=dev@dpdk.org \
    --cc=ferruh.yigit@intel.com \
    --cc=hemant.agrawal@nxp.com \
    --cc=humin29@huawei.com \
    --cc=jerinj@marvell.com \
    --cc=orika@nvidia.com \
    --cc=rosen.xu@intel.com \
    /path/to/YOUR_REPLY

  https://kernel.org/pub/software/scm/git/docs/git-send-email.html

* If your mail client supports setting the In-Reply-To header
  via mailto: links, try the mailto: link

DPDK patches and discussions

This inbox may be cloned and mirrored by anyone:

	git clone --mirror https://inbox.dpdk.org/dev/0 dev/git/0.git

	# If you have public-inbox 1.1+ installed, you may
	# initialize and index your mirror using the following commands:
	public-inbox-init -V2 dev dev/ https://inbox.dpdk.org/dev \
		dev@dpdk.org
	public-inbox-index dev

Example config snippet for mirrors.
Newsgroup available over NNTP:
	nntp://inbox.dpdk.org/inbox.dpdk.dev


AGPL code for this site: git clone https://public-inbox.org/public-inbox.git