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From: Feifei Wang <Feifei.Wang2@arm.com>
To: Slava Ovsiienko <viacheslavo@nvidia.com>,
	Matan Azrad <matan@nvidia.com>,
	 Shahaf Shuler <shahafs@nvidia.com>
Cc: "dev@dpdk.org" <dev@dpdk.org>, nd <nd@arm.com>,
	"stable@dpdk.org" <stable@dpdk.org>,
	Ruifeng Wang <Ruifeng.Wang@arm.com>, nd <nd@arm.com>,
	nd <nd@arm.com>, nd <nd@arm.com>
Subject: [dpdk-stable] 回复: [PATCH v1 3/4] net/mlx5: fix rebuild bug for Memory Region cache
Date: Tue, 20 Apr 2021 07:29:52 +0000
Message-ID: <DBBPR08MB4411B62A856DFAB9244C32D4C8489@DBBPR08MB4411.eurprd08.prod.outlook.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <DBBPR08MB44112C4F2F22A0178A6BE885C8489@DBBPR08MB4411.eurprd08.prod.outlook.com>

Hi, Slava

Another question suddenly occurred to me, in order to keep the order that rebuilding global cache
before updating ”dev_gen“, the wmb should be before updating "dev_gen" rather than after it.
Otherwise, in the out-of-order platforms, current order cannot be kept.

Thus, we should change the code as:
a) rebuild global cache;
b) rte_smp_wmb();
c) updating dev_gen

Best Regards
Feifei
> -----邮件原件-----
> 发件人: Feifei Wang
> 发送时间: 2021年4月20日 13:54
> 收件人: Slava Ovsiienko <viacheslavo@nvidia.com>; Matan Azrad
> <matan@nvidia.com>; Shahaf Shuler <shahafs@nvidia.com>
> 抄送: dev@dpdk.org; nd <nd@arm.com>; stable@dpdk.org; Ruifeng Wang
> <Ruifeng.Wang@arm.com>; nd <nd@arm.com>; nd <nd@arm.com>
> 主题: 回复: [PATCH v1 3/4] net/mlx5: fix rebuild bug for Memory Region
> cache
> 
> Hi, Slava
> 
> Thanks very much for your explanation.
> 
> I can understand the app can wait all mbufs are returned to the memory pool,
> and then it can free this mbufs, I agree with this.
> 
> As a result, I will remove the bug fix patch from this series and just replace
> the smp barrier with C11 thread fence. Thanks very much for your patient
> explanation again.
> 
> Best Regards
> Feifei
> 
> > -----邮件原件-----
> > 发件人: Slava Ovsiienko <viacheslavo@nvidia.com>
> > 发送时间: 2021年4月20日 2:51
> > 收件人: Feifei Wang <Feifei.Wang2@arm.com>; Matan Azrad
> > <matan@nvidia.com>; Shahaf Shuler <shahafs@nvidia.com>
> > 抄送: dev@dpdk.org; nd <nd@arm.com>; stable@dpdk.org; Ruifeng Wang
> > <Ruifeng.Wang@arm.com>; nd <nd@arm.com>
> > 主题: RE: [PATCH v1 3/4] net/mlx5: fix rebuild bug for Memory Region
> > cache
> >
> > Hi, Feifei
> >
> > Please, see below
> >
> > ....
> >
> > > > Hi, Feifei
> > > >
> > > > Sorry, I do not follow what this patch fixes. Do we have some
> > > > issue/bug with MR cache in practice?
> > >
> > > This patch fixes the bug which is based on logical deduction, and it
> > > doesn't actually happen.
> > >
> > > >
> > > > Each Tx queue has its own dedicated "local" cache for MRs to
> > > > convert buffer address in mbufs being transmitted to LKeys
> > > > (HW-related entity
> > > > handle) and the "global" cache for all MR registered on the device.
> > > >
> > > > AFAIK, how conversion happens in datapath:
> > > > - check the local queue cache flush request
> > > > - lookup in local cache
> > > > - if not found:
> > > > - acquire lock for global cache read access
> > > > - lookup in global cache
> > > > - release lock for global cache
> > > >
> > > > How cache update on memory freeing/unregistering happens:
> > > > - acquire lock for global cache write access
> > > > - [a] remove relevant MRs from the global cache
> > > > - [b] set local caches flush request
> > > > - free global cache lock
> > > >
> > > > If I understand correctly, your patch swaps [a] and [b], and local
> > > > caches flush is requested earlier. What problem does it solve?
> > > > It is not supposed there are in datapath some mbufs referencing to
> > > > the memory being freed. Application must ensure this and must not
> > > > allocate new mbufs from this memory regions being freed. Hence,
> > > > the lookups for these MRs in caches should not occur.
> > >
> > > For your first point that, application can take charge of preventing
> > > MR freed memory being allocated to data path.
> > >
> > > Does it means that If there is an emergency of MR fragment, such as
> > > hotplug, the application must inform thedata path in advance, and
> > > this memory will not be allocated, and then the control path will
> > > free this memory? If application  can do like this, I agree that this bug
> cannot happen.
> >
> > Actually,  this is the only correct way for application to operate.
> > Let's suppose we have some memory area that application wants to free.
> > ALL references to this area must be removed. If we have some mbufs
> > allocated from this area, it means that we have memory pool created there.
> >
> > What application should do:
> > - notify all its components/agents the memory area is going to be
> > freed
> > - all components/agents free the mbufs they might own
> > - PMD might not support freeing for some mbufs (for example being sent
> > and awaiting for completion), so app should just wait
> > - wait till all mbufs are returned to the memory pool (by monitoring
> > available obj == pool size)
> >
> > Otherwise - it is dangerous to free the memory. There are just some
> > mbufs still allocated, it is regardless to buf address to MR
> > translation. We just can't free the memory - the mapping will be
> > destroyed and might cause the segmentation fault by SW or some HW
> > issues on DMA access to unmapped memory.  It is very generic safety
> > approach - do not free the memory that is still in use. Hence, at the
> > moment of freeing and unregistering the MR, there MUST BE NO any
> mbufs in flight referencing to the addresses being freed.
> > No translation to MR being invalidated can happen.
> >
> > >
> > > > For other side, the cache flush has negative effect - the local
> > > > cache is getting empty and can't provide translation for other
> > > > valid (not being removed) MRs, and the translation has to look up
> > > > in the global cache, that is locked now for rebuilding, this
> > > > causes the delays in datapatch
> > > on acquiring global cache lock.
> > > > So, I see some potential performance impact.
> > >
> > > If above assumption is true, we can go to your second point. I think
> > > this is a problem of the tradeoff between cache coherence and
> > performance.
> > >
> > > I can understand your meaning that though global cache has been
> > > changed, we should keep the valid MR in local cache as long as
> > > possible to ensure the fast searching speed.
> > > In the meanwhile, the local cache can be rebuilt later to reduce its
> > > waiting time for acquiring the global cache lock.
> > >
> > > However,  this mechanism just ensures the performance unchanged for
> > > the first few mbufs.
> > > During the next mbufs lkey searching after 'dev_gen' updated, it is
> > > still necessary to update the local cache. And the performance can
> > > firstly reduce and then returns. Thus, no matter whether there is
> > > this patch or not,  the performance will jitter in a certain period of time.
> >
> > Local cache should be updated to remove MRs no longer valid. But we
> > just flush the entire cache.
> > Let's suppose we have valid MR0, MR1, and not valid MRX in local cache.
> > And there are traffic in the datapath for MR0 and MR1, and no traffic
> > for MRX anymore.
> >
> > 1) If we do as you propose:
> > a) take a lock
> > b) request flush local cache first - all MR0, MR1, MRX will be removed
> > on translation in datapath
> > c) update global cache,
> > d) free lock
> > All the traffic for valid MR0, MR1 ALWAYS will be blocked on lock
> > taken for cache update since point b) till point d).
> >
> > 2) If we do as it is implemented now:
> > a) take a lock
> > b) update global cache
> > c) request flush local cache
> > d) free lock
> > The traffic MIGHT be locked ONLY for MRs non-existing in local cache
> > (not happens for MR0 and MR1, must not happen for MRX),  and
> > probability should be minor. And lock might happen since c) till d) -
> > quite short period of time
> >
> > Summary, the difference between 1) and 2)
> >
> > Lock probability:
> > - 1) lock ALWAYS happen for ANY MR translation after b),
> >   2) lock MIGHT happen, for cache miss ONLY, after c)
> >
> > Lock duration:
> > - 1) lock since b) till d),
> >   2) lock since c) till d), that seems to be  much shorter.
> >
> > >
> > > Finally, in conclusion, I tend to think that the bottom layer can do
> > > more things to ensure the correct execution of the program, which
> > > may have a negative impact on the performance in a short time, but
> > > in the long run, the performance will eventually come back.
> > > Furthermore, maybe we should pay attention to the performance in the
> > > stable period, and try our best to ensure the correctness of the
> > > program in case of
> > emergencies.
> >
> > If we have some mbufs still allocated in memory being freed - there is
> > nothing to say about correctness, it is totally incorrect. In my
> > opinion, we should not think how to mitigate this incorrect behavior,
> > we should not encourage application developers to follow the wrong
> approaches.
> >
> > With best regards,
> > Slava
> >
> > >
> > > Best Regards
> > > Feifei
> > >
> > > > With best regards,
> > > > Slava
> > > >
> > > > > -----Original Message-----
> > > > > From: Feifei Wang <feifei.wang2@arm.com>
> > > > > Sent: Thursday, March 18, 2021 9:19
> > > > > To: Matan Azrad <matan@nvidia.com>; Shahaf Shuler
> > > > > <shahafs@nvidia.com>; Slava Ovsiienko <viacheslavo@nvidia.com>;
> > > > > Yongseok Koh <yskoh@mellanox.com>
> > > > > Cc: dev@dpdk.org; nd@arm.com; Feifei Wang
> > <feifei.wang2@arm.com>;
> > > > > stable@dpdk.org; Ruifeng Wang <ruifeng.wang@arm.com>
> > > > > Subject: [PATCH v1 3/4] net/mlx5: fix rebuild bug for Memory
> > > > > Region cache
> > > > >
> > > > > 'dev_gen' is a variable to inform other cores to flush their
> > > > > local cache when global cache is rebuilt.
> > > > >
> > > > > However, if 'dev_gen' is updated after global cache is rebuilt,
> > > > > other cores may load a wrong memory region lkey value from old
> > > > > local
> > > cache.
> > > > >
> > > > > Timeslot        main core               worker core
> > > > >   1         rebuild global cache
> > > > >   2                                  load unchanged dev_gen
> > > > >   3            update dev_gen
> > > > >   4                                  look up old local cache
> > > > >
> > > > > From the example above, we can see that though global cache is
> > > > > rebuilt, due to that dev_gen is not updated, the worker core may
> > > > > look up old cache table and receive a wrong memory region lkey value.
> > > > >
> > > > > To fix this, updating 'dev_gen' should be moved before
> > > > > rebuilding global cache to inform worker cores to flush their
> > > > > local cache when global cache start rebuilding. And wmb can
> > > > > ensure the sequence of this
> > > > process.
> > > > >
> > > > > Fixes: 974f1e7ef146 ("net/mlx5: add new memory region support")
> > > > > Cc: stable@dpdk.org
> > > > >
> > > > > Suggested-by: Ruifeng Wang <ruifeng.wang@arm.com>
> > > > > Signed-off-by: Feifei Wang <feifei.wang2@arm.com>
> > > > > Reviewed-by: Ruifeng Wang <ruifeng.wang@arm.com>
> > > > > ---
> > > > >  drivers/net/mlx5/mlx5_mr.c | 37
> > > > > +++++++++++++++++--------------------
> > > > >  1 file changed, 17 insertions(+), 20 deletions(-)
> > > > >
> > > > > diff --git a/drivers/net/mlx5/mlx5_mr.c
> > > > > b/drivers/net/mlx5/mlx5_mr.c index
> > > > > da4e91fc2..7ce1d3e64 100644
> > > > > --- a/drivers/net/mlx5/mlx5_mr.c
> > > > > +++ b/drivers/net/mlx5/mlx5_mr.c
> > > > > @@ -103,20 +103,18 @@ mlx5_mr_mem_event_free_cb(struct
> > > > > mlx5_dev_ctx_shared *sh,
> > > > >  		rebuild = 1;
> > > > >  	}
> > > > >  	if (rebuild) {
> > > > > -		mlx5_mr_rebuild_cache(&sh->share_cache);
> > > > > +		++sh->share_cache.dev_gen;
> > > > > +		DEBUG("broadcasting local cache flush, gen=%d",
> > > > > +			sh->share_cache.dev_gen);
> > > > > +
> > > > >  		/*
> > > > >  		 * Flush local caches by propagating invalidation
> across cores.
> > > > > -		 * rte_smp_wmb() is enough to synchronize this
> event. If
> > > > > one of
> > > > > -		 * freed memsegs is seen by other core, that means
> the
> > > > > memseg
> > > > > -		 * has been allocated by allocator, which will come
> after this
> > > > > -		 * free call. Therefore, this store instruction
> (incrementing
> > > > > -		 * generation below) will be guaranteed to be seen
> by other
> > > > > core
> > > > > -		 * before the core sees the newly allocated memory.
> > > > > +		 * rte_smp_wmb() is to keep the order that dev_gen
> > > > > updated before
> > > > > +		 * rebuilding global cache. Therefore, other core can
> flush
> > > > > their
> > > > > +		 * local cache on time.
> > > > >  		 */
> > > > > -		++sh->share_cache.dev_gen;
> > > > > -		DEBUG("broadcasting local cache flush, gen=%d",
> > > > > -		      sh->share_cache.dev_gen);
> > > > >  		rte_smp_wmb();
> > > > > +		mlx5_mr_rebuild_cache(&sh->share_cache);
> > > > >  	}
> > > > >  	rte_rwlock_write_unlock(&sh->share_cache.rwlock);
> > > > >  }
> > > > > @@ -407,20 +405,19 @@ mlx5_dma_unmap(struct rte_pci_device
> > > *pdev,
> > > > void
> > > > > *addr,
> > > > >  	mlx5_mr_free(mr, sh->share_cache.dereg_mr_cb);
> > > > >  	DEBUG("port %u remove MR(%p) from list", dev->data-
> >port_id,
> > > > >  	      (void *)mr);
> > > > > -	mlx5_mr_rebuild_cache(&sh->share_cache);
> > > > > +
> > > > > +	++sh->share_cache.dev_gen;
> > > > > +	DEBUG("broadcasting local cache flush, gen=%d",
> > > > > +		sh->share_cache.dev_gen);
> > > > > +
> > > > >  	/*
> > > > >  	 * Flush local caches by propagating invalidation across cores.
> > > > > -	 * rte_smp_wmb() is enough to synchronize this event. If
> one of
> > > > > -	 * freed memsegs is seen by other core, that means the
> memseg
> > > > > -	 * has been allocated by allocator, which will come after this
> > > > > -	 * free call. Therefore, this store instruction (incrementing
> > > > > -	 * generation below) will be guaranteed to be seen by other
> core
> > > > > -	 * before the core sees the newly allocated memory.
> > > > > +	 * rte_smp_wmb() is to keep the order that dev_gen
> updated
> > > > > before
> > > > > +	 * rebuilding global cache. Therefore, other core can flush
> their
> > > > > +	 * local cache on time.
> > > > >  	 */
> > > > > -	++sh->share_cache.dev_gen;
> > > > > -	DEBUG("broadcasting local cache flush, gen=%d",
> > > > > -	      sh->share_cache.dev_gen);
> > > > >  	rte_smp_wmb();
> > > > > +	mlx5_mr_rebuild_cache(&sh->share_cache);
> > > > >  	rte_rwlock_read_unlock(&sh->share_cache.rwlock);
> > > > >  	return 0;
> > > > >  }
> > > > > --
> > > > > 2.25.1


  reply	other threads:[~2021-04-20  7:30 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 20+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
     [not found] <20210318071840.359957-1-feifei.wang2@arm.com>
2021-03-18  7:18 ` [dpdk-stable] [PATCH v1 1/4] net/mlx4: " Feifei Wang
2021-03-18  7:18 ` [dpdk-stable] [PATCH v1 3/4] net/mlx5: " Feifei Wang
2021-04-12  8:27   ` Slava Ovsiienko
2021-04-13  5:20     ` [dpdk-stable] 回复: " Feifei Wang
2021-04-19 18:50       ` [dpdk-stable] " Slava Ovsiienko
2021-04-20  5:53         ` [dpdk-stable] 回复: " Feifei Wang
2021-04-20  7:29           ` Feifei Wang [this message]
2021-04-20  7:53             ` [dpdk-stable] " Slava Ovsiienko
2021-04-20  8:42               ` [dpdk-stable] 回复: " Feifei Wang
2021-05-06  2:52                 ` Feifei Wang
2021-05-06 11:21                   ` [dpdk-stable] " Slava Ovsiienko
2021-05-07  6:36                     ` [dpdk-stable] 回复: " Feifei Wang
2021-05-07 10:14                       ` [dpdk-stable] " Slava Ovsiienko
2021-05-08  3:13                         ` [dpdk-stable] 回复: " Feifei Wang
2021-05-11  8:18                           ` [dpdk-stable] " Slava Ovsiienko
2021-05-12  5:34                             ` [dpdk-stable] 回复: " Feifei Wang
2021-05-12 11:07                               ` [dpdk-stable] " Slava Ovsiienko
2021-05-13  5:49                                 ` [dpdk-stable] 回复: " Feifei Wang
2021-05-13 10:49                                   ` [dpdk-stable] " Slava Ovsiienko
2021-05-14  5:18                                     ` [dpdk-stable] 回复: " Feifei Wang

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