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From: Bruce Richardson <bruce.richardson@intel.com>
To: Marcin Baran <marcinx.baran@intel.com>
Cc: dev@dpdk.org, John McNamara <john.mcnamara@intel.com>,
	Marko Kovacevic <marko.kovacevic@intel.com>
Subject: Re: [dpdk-dev] [PATCH v5 6/6] doc/guides/: provide IOAT sample app guide
Date: Fri, 27 Sep 2019 11:37:57 +0100
Message-ID: <20190927103757.GG1847@bricha3-MOBL.ger.corp.intel.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20190920073714.1314-7-marcinx.baran@intel.com>

Adding John and Marko on CC as documentation maintainers.

On Fri, Sep 20, 2019 at 09:37:14AM +0200, Marcin Baran wrote:
> Added guide for IOAT sample app usage and
> code description.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Marcin Baran <marcinx.baran@intel.com>
> ---
>  doc/guides/sample_app_ug/index.rst |   1 +
>  doc/guides/sample_app_ug/intro.rst |   4 +
>  doc/guides/sample_app_ug/ioat.rst  | 764 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  3 files changed, 769 insertions(+)
>  create mode 100644 doc/guides/sample_app_ug/ioat.rst
> 
> diff --git a/doc/guides/sample_app_ug/index.rst b/doc/guides/sample_app_ug/index.rst
> index f23f8f59e..a6a1d9e7a 100644
> --- a/doc/guides/sample_app_ug/index.rst
> +++ b/doc/guides/sample_app_ug/index.rst
> @@ -23,6 +23,7 @@ Sample Applications User Guides
>      ip_reassembly
>      kernel_nic_interface
>      keep_alive
> +    ioat
>      l2_forward_crypto
>      l2_forward_job_stats
>      l2_forward_real_virtual
> diff --git a/doc/guides/sample_app_ug/intro.rst b/doc/guides/sample_app_ug/intro.rst
> index 90704194a..74462312f 100644
> --- a/doc/guides/sample_app_ug/intro.rst
> +++ b/doc/guides/sample_app_ug/intro.rst
> @@ -91,6 +91,10 @@ examples are highlighted below.
>    forwarding, or ``l3fwd`` application does forwarding based on Internet
>    Protocol, IPv4 or IPv6 like a simple router.
>  
> +* :doc:`Hardware packet copying<ioat>`: The Hardware packet copying,
> +  or ``ioatfwd`` application demonstrates how to use IOAT rawdev driver for
> +  copying packets between two threads.
> +
>  * :doc:`Packet Distributor<dist_app>`: The Packet Distributor
>    demonstrates how to distribute packets arriving on an Rx port to different
>    cores for processing and transmission.
> diff --git a/doc/guides/sample_app_ug/ioat.rst b/doc/guides/sample_app_ug/ioat.rst
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000..69621673b
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/doc/guides/sample_app_ug/ioat.rst
> @@ -0,0 +1,764 @@
> +..  SPDX-License-Identifier: BSD-3-Clause
> +    Copyright(c) 2019 Intel Corporation.
> +
> +Sample Application of packet copying using Intel\ |reg| QuickData Technology
> +============================================================================
> +
> +Overview
> +--------
> +
> +This sample is intended as a demonstration of the basic components of a DPDK
> +forwarding application and example of how to use IOAT driver API to make
> +packets copies.
> +
> +Also while forwarding, the MAC addresses are affected as follows:
> +
> +*   The source MAC address is replaced by the TX port MAC address
> +
> +*   The destination MAC address is replaced by  02:00:00:00:00:TX_PORT_ID
> +
> +This application can be used to compare performance of using software packet
> +copy with copy done using a DMA device for different sizes of packets.
> +The example will print out statistics each second. The stats shows
> +received/send packets and packets dropped or failed to copy.
> +
> +Compiling the Application
> +-------------------------
> +
> +To compile the sample application see :doc:`compiling`.
> +
> +The application is located in the ``ioat`` sub-directory.
> +
> +
> +Running the Application
> +-----------------------
> +
> +In order to run the hardware copy application, the copying device
> +needs to be bound to user-space IO driver.
> +
> +Refer to the *IOAT Rawdev Driver for Intel\ |reg| QuickData Technology*
> +guide for information on using the driver.
> +
> +The application requires a number of command line options:
> +
> +.. code-block:: console
> +
> +    ./build/ioatfwd [EAL options] -- -p MASK [-q NQ] [-s RS] [-c <sw|hw>]
> +        [--[no-]mac-updating]
> +
> +where,
> +
> +*   p MASK: A hexadecimal bitmask of the ports to configure
> +
> +*   q NQ: Number of Rx queues used per port equivalent to CBDMA channels
> +    per port
> +
> +*   c CT: Performed packet copy type: software (sw) or hardware using
> +    DMA (hw)
> +
> +*   s RS: Size of IOAT rawdev ring for hardware copy mode or rte_ring for
> +    software copy mode
> +
> +*   --[no-]mac-updating: Whether MAC address of packets should be changed
> +    or not
> +
> +The application can be launched in various configurations depending on
> +provided parameters. Each port can use up to 2 lcores: one of them receives
> +incoming traffic and makes a copy of each packet. The second lcore then
> +updates MAC address and sends the copy. If one lcore per port is used,
> +both operations are done sequentially. For each configuration an additional
> +lcore is needed since master lcore in use which is responsible for
> +configuration, statistics printing and safe deinitialization of all ports
> +and devices.
> +
> +The application can use a maximum of 8 ports.
> +
> +To run the application in a Linux environment with 3 lcores (one of them
> +is master lcore), 1 port (port 0), software copying and MAC updating issue
> +the command:
> +
> +.. code-block:: console
> +
> +    $ ./build/ioatfwd -l 0-2 -n 2 -- -p 0x1 --mac-updating -c sw
> +
> +To run the application in a Linux environment with 2 lcores (one of them
> +is master lcore), 2 ports (ports 0 and 1), hardware copying and no MAC
> +updating issue the command:
> +
> +.. code-block:: console
> +
> +    $ ./build/ioatfwd -l 0-1 -n 1 -- -p 0x3 --no-mac-updating -c hw
> +
> +Refer to the *DPDK Getting Started Guide* for general information on
> +running applications and the Environment Abstraction Layer (EAL) options.
> +
> +Explanation
> +-----------
> +
> +The following sections provide an explanation of the main components of the
> +code.
> +
> +All DPDK library functions used in the sample code are prefixed with
> +``rte_`` and are explained in detail in the *DPDK API Documentation*.
> +
> +
> +The Main Function
> +~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
> +
> +The ``main()`` function performs the initialization and calls the execution
> +threads for each lcore.
> +
> +The first task is to initialize the Environment Abstraction Layer (EAL).
> +The ``argc`` and ``argv`` arguments are provided to the ``rte_eal_init()``
> +function. The value returned is the number of parsed arguments:
> +
> +.. code-block:: c
> +
> +    /* init EAL */
> +    ret = rte_eal_init(argc, argv);
> +    if (ret < 0)
> +        rte_exit(EXIT_FAILURE, "Invalid EAL arguments\n");
> +
> +
> +The ``main()`` also allocates a mempool to hold the mbufs (Message Buffers)
> +used by the application:
> +
> +.. code-block:: c
> +
> +    nb_mbufs = RTE_MAX(rte_eth_dev_count_avail() * (nb_rxd + nb_txd
> +        + MAX_PKT_BURST + rte_lcore_count() * MEMPOOL_CACHE_SIZE),
> +        MIN_POOL_SIZE);
> +
> +    /* Create the mbuf pool */
> +    ioat_pktmbuf_pool = rte_pktmbuf_pool_create("mbuf_pool", nb_mbufs,
> +        MEMPOOL_CACHE_SIZE, 0, RTE_MBUF_DEFAULT_BUF_SIZE,
> +        rte_socket_id());
> +    if (ioat_pktmbuf_pool == NULL)
> +        rte_exit(EXIT_FAILURE, "Cannot init mbuf pool\n");
> +
> +Mbufs are the packet buffer structure used by DPDK. They are explained in
> +detail in the "Mbuf Library" section of the *DPDK Programmer's Guide*.
> +
> +The ``main()`` function also initializes the ports:
> +
> +.. code-block:: c
> +
> +    /* Initialise each port */
> +    RTE_ETH_FOREACH_DEV(portid) {
> +        port_init(portid, ioat_pktmbuf_pool);
> +    }
> +
> +Each port is configured using ``port_init()``:
> +
> +.. code-block:: c
> +
> +     /*
> +     * Initializes a given port using global settings and with the RX buffers
> +     * coming from the mbuf_pool passed as a parameter.
> +     */
> +    static inline void
> +    port_init(uint16_t portid, struct rte_mempool *mbuf_pool, uint16_t nb_queues)
> +    {
> +        /* configuring port to use RSS for multiple RX queues */
> +        static const struct rte_eth_conf port_conf = {
> +            .rxmode = {
> +                .mq_mode        = ETH_MQ_RX_RSS,
> +                .max_rx_pkt_len = RTE_ETHER_MAX_LEN
> +            },
> +            .rx_adv_conf = {
> +                .rss_conf = {
> +                    .rss_key = NULL,
> +                    .rss_hf = ETH_RSS_PROTO_MASK,
> +                }
> +            }
> +        };
> +
> +        struct rte_eth_rxconf rxq_conf;
> +        struct rte_eth_txconf txq_conf;
> +        struct rte_eth_conf local_port_conf = port_conf;
> +        struct rte_eth_dev_info dev_info;
> +        int ret, i;
> +
> +        /* Skip ports that are not enabled */
> +        if ((ioat_enabled_port_mask & (1 << portid)) == 0) {
> +            printf("Skipping disabled port %u\n", portid);
> +            return;
> +        }
> +
> +        /* Init port */
> +        printf("Initializing port %u... ", portid);
> +        fflush(stdout);
> +        rte_eth_dev_info_get(portid, &dev_info);
> +        local_port_conf.rx_adv_conf.rss_conf.rss_hf &=
> +            dev_info.flow_type_rss_offloads;
> +        if (dev_info.tx_offload_capa & DEV_TX_OFFLOAD_MBUF_FAST_FREE)
> +            local_port_conf.txmode.offloads |=
> +                DEV_TX_OFFLOAD_MBUF_FAST_FREE;
> +        ret = rte_eth_dev_configure(portid, nb_queues, 1, &local_port_conf);
> +        if (ret < 0)
> +            rte_exit(EXIT_FAILURE, "Cannot configure device:"
> +                " err=%d, port=%u\n", ret, portid);
> +
> +        ret = rte_eth_dev_adjust_nb_rx_tx_desc(portid, &nb_rxd,
> +                            &nb_txd);
> +        if (ret < 0)
> +            rte_exit(EXIT_FAILURE,
> +                "Cannot adjust number of descriptors: err=%d, port=%u\n",
> +                ret, portid);
> +
> +        rte_eth_macaddr_get(portid, &ioat_ports_eth_addr[portid]);
> +
> +        /* Init Rx queues */
> +        rxq_conf = dev_info.default_rxconf;
> +        rxq_conf.offloads = local_port_conf.rxmode.offloads;
> +        for (i = 0; i < nb_queues; i++) {
> +            ret = rte_eth_rx_queue_setup(portid, i, nb_rxd,
> +                rte_eth_dev_socket_id(portid), &rxq_conf,
> +                mbuf_pool);
> +            if (ret < 0)
> +                rte_exit(EXIT_FAILURE,
> +                    "rte_eth_rx_queue_setup:err=%d,port=%u, queue_id=%u\n",
> +                    ret, portid, i);
> +        }
> +
> +        /* Init one TX queue on each port */
> +        txq_conf = dev_info.default_txconf;
> +        txq_conf.offloads = local_port_conf.txmode.offloads;
> +        ret = rte_eth_tx_queue_setup(portid, 0, nb_txd,
> +                rte_eth_dev_socket_id(portid),
> +                &txq_conf);
> +        if (ret < 0)
> +            rte_exit(EXIT_FAILURE,
> +                "rte_eth_tx_queue_setup:err=%d,port=%u\n",
> +                ret, portid);
> +
> +        /* Initialize TX buffers */
> +        tx_buffer[portid] = rte_zmalloc_socket("tx_buffer",
> +                RTE_ETH_TX_BUFFER_SIZE(MAX_PKT_BURST), 0,
> +                rte_eth_dev_socket_id(portid));
> +        if (tx_buffer[portid] == NULL)
> +            rte_exit(EXIT_FAILURE,
> +                "Cannot allocate buffer for tx on port %u\n",
> +                portid);
> +
> +        rte_eth_tx_buffer_init(tx_buffer[portid], MAX_PKT_BURST);
> +
> +        ret = rte_eth_tx_buffer_set_err_callback(tx_buffer[portid],
> +                rte_eth_tx_buffer_count_callback,
> +                &port_statistics.tx_dropped[portid]);
> +        if (ret < 0)
> +            rte_exit(EXIT_FAILURE,
> +                "Cannot set error callback for tx buffer on port %u\n",
> +                portid);
> +
> +        /* Start device */
> +        ret = rte_eth_dev_start(portid);
> +        if (ret < 0)
> +            rte_exit(EXIT_FAILURE,
> +                "rte_eth_dev_start:err=%d, port=%u\n",
> +                ret, portid);
> +
> +        rte_eth_promiscuous_enable(portid);
> +
> +        printf("Port %u, MAC address: %02X:%02X:%02X:%02X:%02X:%02X\n\n",
> +                portid,
> +                ioat_ports_eth_addr[portid].addr_bytes[0],
> +                ioat_ports_eth_addr[portid].addr_bytes[1],
> +                ioat_ports_eth_addr[portid].addr_bytes[2],
> +                ioat_ports_eth_addr[portid].addr_bytes[3],
> +                ioat_ports_eth_addr[portid].addr_bytes[4],
> +                ioat_ports_eth_addr[portid].addr_bytes[5]);
> +
> +        cfg.ports[cfg.nb_ports].rxtx_port = portid;
> +        cfg.ports[cfg.nb_ports++].nb_queues = nb_queues;
> +    }
> +
> +The Ethernet ports are configured with local settings using the
> +``rte_eth_dev_configure()`` function and the ``port_conf`` struct.
> +The RSS is enabled so that multiple Rx queues could be used for
> +packet receiving and copying by multiple CBDMA channels per port:
> +
> +.. code-block:: c
> +
> +    /* configuring port to use RSS for multiple RX queues */
> +    static const struct rte_eth_conf port_conf = {
> +        .rxmode = {
> +            .mq_mode        = ETH_MQ_RX_RSS,
> +            .max_rx_pkt_len = RTE_ETHER_MAX_LEN
> +        },
> +        .rx_adv_conf = {
> +            .rss_conf = {
> +                .rss_key = NULL,
> +                .rss_hf = ETH_RSS_PROTO_MASK,
> +            }
> +        }
> +    };
> +
> +For this example the ports are set up with the number of Rx queues provided
> +with -q option and 1 Tx queue using the ``rte_eth_rx_queue_setup()``
> +and ``rte_eth_tx_queue_setup()`` functions.
> +
> +The Ethernet port is then started:
> +
> +.. code-block:: c
> +
> +    ret = rte_eth_dev_start(portid);
> +    if (ret < 0)
> +        rte_exit(EXIT_FAILURE, "rte_eth_dev_start:err=%d, port=%u\n",
> +            ret, portid);
> +
> +
> +Finally the Rx port is set in promiscuous mode:
> +
> +.. code-block:: c
> +
> +    rte_eth_promiscuous_enable(portid);
> +
> +
> +After that each port application assigns resources needed.
> +
> +.. code-block:: c
> +
> +    check_link_status(ioat_enabled_port_mask);
> +
> +    if (!cfg.nb_ports) {
> +        rte_exit(EXIT_FAILURE,
> +            "All available ports are disabled. Please set portmask.\n");
> +    }
> +
> +    /* Check if there is enough lcores for all ports. */
> +    cfg.nb_lcores = rte_lcore_count() - 1;
> +    if (cfg.nb_lcores < 1)
> +        rte_exit(EXIT_FAILURE,
> +            "There should be at least one slave lcore.\n");
> +
> +    ret = 0;
> +
> +    if (copy_mode == COPY_MODE_IOAT_NUM) {
> +        assign_rawdevs();
> +    } else /* copy_mode == COPY_MODE_SW_NUM */ {
> +        assign_rings();
> +    }
> +
> +A link status is checked of each port enabled by port mask
> +using ``check_link_status()`` function.
> +
> +.. code-block:: c
> +
> +    /* check link status, return true if at least one port is up */
> +    static int
> +    check_link_status(uint32_t port_mask)
> +    {
> +        uint16_t portid;
> +        struct rte_eth_link link;
> +        int retval = 0;
> +
> +        printf("\nChecking link status\n");
> +        RTE_ETH_FOREACH_DEV(portid) {
> +            if ((port_mask & (1 << portid)) == 0)
> +                continue;
> +
> +            memset(&link, 0, sizeof(link));
> +            rte_eth_link_get(portid, &link);
> +
> +            /* Print link status */
> +            if (link.link_status) {
> +                printf(
> +                    "Port %d Link Up. Speed %u Mbps - %s\n",
> +                    portid, link.link_speed,
> +                    (link.link_duplex == ETH_LINK_FULL_DUPLEX) ?
> +                    ("full-duplex") : ("half-duplex\n"));
> +                retval = 1;
> +            } else
> +                printf("Port %d Link Down\n", portid);
> +        }
> +        return retval;
> +    }
> +
> +Depending on mode set (whether copy should be done by software or by hardware)
> +special structures are assigned to each port. If software copy was chosen,
> +application have to assign ring structures for packet exchanging between lcores
> +assigned to ports.
> +
> +.. code-block:: c
> +
> +    static void
> +    assign_rings(void)
> +    {
> +        uint32_t i;
> +
> +        for (i = 0; i < cfg.nb_ports; i++) {
> +            char ring_name[20];
> +
> +            snprintf(ring_name, 20, "rx_to_tx_ring_%u", i);
> +            /* Create ring for inter core communication */
> +            cfg.ports[i].rx_to_tx_ring = rte_ring_create(
> +                    ring_name, ring_size,
> +                    rte_socket_id(), RING_F_SP_ENQ);
> +
> +            if (cfg.ports[i].rx_to_tx_ring == NULL)
> +                rte_exit(EXIT_FAILURE, "%s\n",
> +                        rte_strerror(rte_errno));
> +        }
> +    }
> +
> +
> +When using hardware copy each Rx queue of the port is assigned an
> +IOAT device (``assign_rawdevs()``) using IOAT Rawdev Driver API
> +functions:
> +
> +.. code-block:: c
> +
> +    static void
> +    assign_rawdevs(void)
> +    {
> +        uint16_t nb_rawdev = 0, rdev_id = 0;
> +        uint32_t i, j;
> +
> +        for (i = 0; i < cfg.nb_ports; i++) {
> +            for (j = 0; j < cfg.ports[i].nb_queues; j++) {
> +                struct rte_rawdev_info rdev_info = { 0 };
> +
> +                do {
> +                    if (rdev_id == rte_rawdev_count())
> +                        goto end;
> +                    rte_rawdev_info_get(rdev_id++, &rdev_info);
> +                } while (strcmp(rdev_info.driver_name,
> +                    IOAT_PMD_RAWDEV_NAME_STR) != 0);
> +
> +                cfg.ports[i].ioat_ids[j] = rdev_id - 1;
> +                configure_rawdev_queue(cfg.ports[i].ioat_ids[j]);
> +                ++nb_rawdev;
> +            }
> +        }
> +    end:
> +        if (nb_rawdev < cfg.nb_ports * cfg.ports[0].nb_queues)
> +            rte_exit(EXIT_FAILURE,
> +                "Not enough IOAT rawdevs (%u) for all queues (%u).\n",
> +                nb_rawdev, cfg.nb_ports * cfg.ports[0].nb_queues);
> +        RTE_LOG(INFO, IOAT, "Number of used rawdevs: %u.\n", nb_rawdev);
> +    }
> +
> +
> +The initialization of hardware device is done by ``rte_rawdev_configure()``
> +function and ``rte_rawdev_info`` struct. After configuration the device is
> +started using ``rte_rawdev_start()`` function. Each of the above operations
> +is done in ``configure_rawdev_queue()``.
> +
> +.. code-block:: c
> +
> +    static void
> +    configure_rawdev_queue(uint32_t dev_id)
> +    {
> +        struct rte_rawdev_info info = { .dev_private = &dev_config };
> +
> +        /* Configure hardware copy device */
> +        dev_config.ring_size = ring_size;
> +
> +        if (rte_rawdev_configure(dev_id, &info) != 0) {
> +            rte_exit(EXIT_FAILURE,
> +                "Error with rte_rawdev_configure()\n");
> +        }
> +        rte_rawdev_info_get(dev_id, &info);
> +        if (dev_config.ring_size != ring_size) {
> +            rte_exit(EXIT_FAILURE,
> +                "Error, ring size is not %d (%d)\n",
> +                ring_size, (int)dev_config.ring_size);
> +        }
> +        if (rte_rawdev_start(dev_id) != 0) {
> +            rte_exit(EXIT_FAILURE,
> +                "Error with rte_rawdev_start()\n");
> +        }
> +    }
> +
> +If initialization is successful memory for hardware device
> +statistics is allocated.
> +
> +Finally ``main()`` functions starts all processing lcores and starts
> +printing stats in a loop on master lcore. The application can be
> +interrupted and closed using ``Ctrl-C``. The master lcore waits for
> +all slave processes to finish, deallocates resources and exits.
> +
> +The processing lcores launching function are described below.
> +
> +The Lcores Launching Functions
> +~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
> +
> +As described above ``main()`` function invokes ``start_forwarding_cores()``
> +function in order to start processing for each lcore:
> +
> +.. code-block:: c
> +
> +    static void start_forwarding_cores(void)
> +    {
> +        uint32_t lcore_id = rte_lcore_id();
> +
> +        RTE_LOG(INFO, IOAT, "Entering %s on lcore %u\n",
> +                __func__, rte_lcore_id());
> +
> +        if (cfg.nb_lcores == 1) {
> +            lcore_id = rte_get_next_lcore(lcore_id, true, true);
> +            rte_eal_remote_launch((lcore_function_t *)rxtx_main_loop,
> +                NULL, lcore_id);
> +        } else if (cfg.nb_lcores > 1) {
> +            lcore_id = rte_get_next_lcore(lcore_id, true, true);
> +            rte_eal_remote_launch((lcore_function_t *)rx_main_loop,
> +                NULL, lcore_id);
> +
> +            lcore_id = rte_get_next_lcore(lcore_id, true, true);
> +            rte_eal_remote_launch((lcore_function_t *)tx_main_loop, NULL,
> +                lcore_id);
> +        }
> +    }
> +
> +The function launches Rx/Tx processing functions on configured lcores
> +for each port using ``rte_eal_remote_launch()``. The configured ports,
> +their number and number of assigned lcores are stored in user-defined
> +``rxtx_transmission_config`` struct that is initialized before launching
> +tasks:
> +
> +.. code-block:: c
> +
> +    struct rxtx_transmission_config {
> +        struct rxtx_port_config ports[RTE_MAX_ETHPORTS];
> +        uint16_t nb_ports;
> +        uint16_t nb_lcores;
> +    };
> +
> +The Lcores Processing Functions
> +~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
> +
> +For receiving packets on each port an ``ioat_rx_port()`` function is used.
> +The function receives packets on each configured Rx queue. Depending on mode
> +the user chose, it will enqueue packets to IOAT rawdev channels and then invoke
> +copy process (hardware copy), or perform software copy of each packet using
> +``pktmbuf_sw_copy()`` function and enqueue them to 1 rte_ring:
> +
> +.. code-block:: c
> +
> +    /* Receive packets on one port and enqueue to IOAT rawdev or rte_ring. */
> +    static void
> +    ioat_rx_port(struct rxtx_port_config *rx_config)
> +    {
> +        uint32_t nb_rx, nb_enq, i, j;
> +        struct rte_mbuf *pkts_burst[MAX_PKT_BURST];
> +        for (i = 0; i < rx_config->nb_queues; i++) {
> +
> +            nb_rx = rte_eth_rx_burst(rx_config->rxtx_port, i,
> +                pkts_burst, MAX_PKT_BURST);
> +
> +            if (nb_rx == 0)
> +                continue;
> +
> +            port_statistics.rx[rx_config->rxtx_port] += nb_rx;
> +
> +            if (copy_mode == COPY_MODE_IOAT_NUM) {
> +                /* Perform packet hardware copy */
> +                nb_enq = ioat_enqueue_packets(pkts_burst,
> +                    nb_rx, rx_config->ioat_ids[i]);
> +                if (nb_enq > 0)
> +                    rte_ioat_do_copies(rx_config->ioat_ids[i]);
> +            } else {
> +                /* Perform packet software copy, free source packets */
> +                int ret;
> +                struct rte_mbuf *pkts_burst_copy[MAX_PKT_BURST];
> +
> +                ret = rte_mempool_get_bulk(ioat_pktmbuf_pool,
> +                    (void *)pkts_burst_copy, nb_rx);
> +
> +                if (unlikely(ret < 0))
> +                    rte_exit(EXIT_FAILURE,
> +                        "Unable to allocate memory.\n");
> +
> +                for (j = 0; j < nb_rx; j++)
> +                    pktmbuf_sw_copy(pkts_burst[j],
> +                        pkts_burst_copy[j]);
> +
> +                rte_mempool_put_bulk(ioat_pktmbuf_pool,
> +                    (void *)pkts_burst, nb_rx);
> +
> +                nb_enq = rte_ring_enqueue_burst(
> +                    rx_config->rx_to_tx_ring,
> +                    (void *)pkts_burst_copy, nb_rx, NULL);
> +
> +                /* Free any not enqueued packets. */
> +                rte_mempool_put_bulk(ioat_pktmbuf_pool,
> +                    (void *)&pkts_burst_copy[nb_enq],
> +                    nb_rx - nb_enq);
> +            }
> +
> +            port_statistics.copy_dropped[rx_config->rxtx_port] +=
> +                (nb_rx - nb_enq);
> +        }
> +    }
> +
> +The packets are received in burst mode using ``rte_eth_rx_burst()``
> +function. When using hardware copy mode the packets are enqueued in
> +copying device's buffer using ``ioat_enqueue_packets()`` which calls
> +``rte_ioat_enqueue_copy()``. When all received packets are in the
> +buffer the copies are invoked by calling ``rte_ioat_do_copies()``.
> +Function ``rte_ioat_enqueue_copy()`` operates on physical address of
> +the packet. Structure ``rte_mbuf`` contains only physical address to
> +start of the data buffer (``buf_iova``). Thus the address is shifted
> +by ``addr_offset`` value in order to get pointer to ``rearm_data``
> +member of ``rte_mbuf``. That way the packet is copied all at once
> +(with data and metadata).
> +
> +.. code-block:: c
> +
> +    static uint32_t
> +    ioat_enqueue_packets(struct rte_mbuf **pkts,
> +        uint32_t nb_rx, uint16_t dev_id)
> +    {
> +        int ret;
> +        uint32_t i;
> +        struct rte_mbuf *pkts_copy[MAX_PKT_BURST];
> +
> +        const uint64_t addr_offset = RTE_PTR_DIFF(pkts[0]->buf_addr,
> +            &pkts[0]->rearm_data);
> +
> +        ret = rte_mempool_get_bulk(ioat_pktmbuf_pool,
> +                (void *)pkts_copy, nb_rx);
> +
> +        if (unlikely(ret < 0))
> +            rte_exit(EXIT_FAILURE, "Unable to allocate memory.\n");
> +
> +        for (i = 0; i < nb_rx; i++) {
> +            /* Perform data copy */
> +            ret = rte_ioat_enqueue_copy(dev_id,
> +                pkts[i]->buf_iova
> +                    - addr_offset,
> +                pkts_copy[i]->buf_iova
> +                    - addr_offset,
> +                rte_pktmbuf_data_len(pkts[i])
> +                    + addr_offset,
> +                (uintptr_t)pkts[i],
> +                (uintptr_t)pkts_copy[i],
> +                0 /* nofence */);
> +
> +            if (ret != 1)
> +                break;
> +        }
> +
> +        ret = i;
> +        /* Free any not enqueued packets. */
> +        rte_mempool_put_bulk(ioat_pktmbuf_pool, (void *)&pkts[i], nb_rx - i);
> +        rte_mempool_put_bulk(ioat_pktmbuf_pool, (void *)&pkts_copy[i],
> +            nb_rx - i);
> +
> +        return ret;
> +    }
> +
> +
> +All done copies are processed by ``ioat_tx_port()`` function. When using
> +hardware copy mode the function invokes ``rte_ioat_completed_copies()``
> +on each assigned IOAT channel to gather copied packets. If software copy
> +mode is used the function dequeues copied packets from the rte_ring. Then each
> +packet MAC address is changed if it was enabled. After that copies are sent
> +in burst mode using `` rte_eth_tx_burst()``.
> +
> +
> +.. code-block:: c
> +
> +    /* Transmit packets from IOAT rawdev/rte_ring for one port. */
> +    static void
> +    ioat_tx_port(struct rxtx_port_config *tx_config)
> +    {
> +        uint32_t i, j, nb_dq = 0;
> +        struct rte_mbuf *mbufs_src[MAX_PKT_BURST];
> +        struct rte_mbuf *mbufs_dst[MAX_PKT_BURST];
> +
> +        if (copy_mode == COPY_MODE_IOAT_NUM) {
> +            for (i = 0; i < tx_config->nb_queues; i++) {
> +                /* Deque the mbufs from IOAT device. */
> +                nb_dq = rte_ioat_completed_copies(
> +                    tx_config->ioat_ids[i], MAX_PKT_BURST,
> +                    (void *)mbufs_src, (void *)mbufs_dst);
> +
> +                if (nb_dq == 0)
> +                    break;
> +
> +                rte_mempool_put_bulk(ioat_pktmbuf_pool,
> +                    (void *)mbufs_src, nb_dq);
> +
> +                /* Update macs if enabled */
> +                if (mac_updating) {
> +                    for (j = 0; j < nb_dq; j++)
> +                        update_mac_addrs(mbufs_dst[j],
> +                            tx_config->rxtx_port);
> +                }
> +
> +                const uint16_t nb_tx = rte_eth_tx_burst(
> +                    tx_config->rxtx_port, 0,
> +                    (void *)mbufs_dst, nb_dq);
> +
> +                port_statistics.tx[tx_config->rxtx_port] += nb_tx;
> +
> +                /* Free any unsent packets. */
> +                if (unlikely(nb_tx < nb_dq))
> +                    rte_mempool_put_bulk(ioat_pktmbuf_pool,
> +                    (void *)&mbufs_dst[nb_tx],
> +                        nb_dq - nb_tx);
> +            }
> +        }
> +        else {
> +            for (i = 0; i < tx_config->nb_queues; i++) {
> +                /* Deque the mbufs from IOAT device. */
> +                nb_dq = rte_ring_dequeue_burst(tx_config->rx_to_tx_ring,
> +                    (void *)mbufs_dst, MAX_PKT_BURST, NULL);
> +
> +                if (nb_dq == 0)
> +                    return;
> +
> +                /* Update macs if enabled */
> +                if (mac_updating) {
> +                    for (j = 0; j < nb_dq; j++)
> +                        update_mac_addrs(mbufs_dst[j],
> +                            tx_config->rxtx_port);
> +                }
> +
> +                const uint16_t nb_tx = rte_eth_tx_burst(tx_config->rxtx_port,
> +                    0, (void *)mbufs_dst, nb_dq);
> +
> +                port_statistics.tx[tx_config->rxtx_port] += nb_tx;
> +
> +                /* Free any unsent packets. */
> +                if (unlikely(nb_tx < nb_dq))
> +                    rte_mempool_put_bulk(ioat_pktmbuf_pool,
> +                    (void *)&mbufs_dst[nb_tx],
> +                        nb_dq - nb_tx);
> +            }
> +        }
> +    }
> +
> +The Packet Copying Functions
> +~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
> +
> +In order to perform packet copy there is a user-defined function
> +``pktmbuf_sw_copy()`` used. It copies a whole packet by copying
> +metadata from source packet to new mbuf, and then copying a data
> +chunk of source packet. Both memory copies are done using
> +``rte_memcpy()``:
> +
> +.. code-block:: c
> +
> +    static inline void
> +    pktmbuf_sw_copy(struct rte_mbuf *src, struct rte_mbuf *dst)
> +    {
> +        /* Copy packet metadata */
> +        rte_memcpy(&dst->rearm_data,
> +            &src->rearm_data,
> +            offsetof(struct rte_mbuf, cacheline1)
> +                - offsetof(struct rte_mbuf, rearm_data));
> +
> +        /* Copy packet data */
> +        rte_memcpy(rte_pktmbuf_mtod(dst, char *),
> +            rte_pktmbuf_mtod(src, char *), src->data_len);
> +    }
> +
> +The metadata in this example is copied from ``rearm_data`` member of
> +``rte_mbuf`` struct up to ``cacheline1``.
> +
> +In order to understand why software packet copying is done as shown
> +above please refer to the "Mbuf Library" section of the
> +*DPDK Programmer's Guide*.
> \ No newline at end of file
> -- 
> 2.22.0.windows.1
> 

  parent reply index

Thread overview: 76+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-09-09  8:29 [dpdk-dev] [PATCH] examples/ioat: create sample app on ioat driver usage Marcin Baran
2019-09-09 13:12 ` Aaron Conole
2019-09-09 13:58   ` Bruce Richardson
2019-09-12  9:52 ` Bruce Richardson
2019-09-12 12:18   ` Baran, MarcinX
2019-09-13 14:39 ` [dpdk-dev] [PATCH v2 0/6] examples/ioat: " Marcin Baran
2019-09-13 14:39   ` [dpdk-dev] [PATCH v2 1/6] examples/ioat: create " Marcin Baran
2019-09-13 14:39   ` [dpdk-dev] [PATCH v2 2/6] examples/ioat: add software copy support Marcin Baran
2019-09-13 14:39   ` [dpdk-dev] [PATCH v2 3/6] examples/ioat: add rawdev copy mode support Marcin Baran
2019-09-13 14:39   ` [dpdk-dev] [PATCH v2 4/6] examples/ioat: add two threads configuration Marcin Baran
2019-09-13 14:39   ` [dpdk-dev] [PATCH v2 5/6] examples/ioat: add stats printing for each port Marcin Baran
2019-09-13 14:39   ` [dpdk-dev] [PATCH v2 6/6] doc/guides/: provide IOAT sample app guide Marcin Baran
2019-09-13 18:45   ` [dpdk-dev] [PATCH v2 0/6] examples/ioat: sample app on ioat driver usage Aaron Conole
2019-09-16  9:42     ` Baran, MarcinX
2019-09-19  9:19       ` Aaron Conole
2019-09-18  9:11   ` [dpdk-dev] [PATCH v3 " Marcin Baran
2019-09-18  9:11     ` [dpdk-dev] [PATCH v3 1/6] examples/ioat: create " Marcin Baran
2019-09-18  9:11     ` [dpdk-dev] [PATCH v3 2/6] examples/ioat: add software copy support Marcin Baran
2019-09-18  9:11     ` [dpdk-dev] [PATCH v3 3/6] examples/ioat: add rawdev copy mode support Marcin Baran
2019-09-18  9:11     ` [dpdk-dev] [PATCH v3 4/6] examples/ioat: add two threads configuration Marcin Baran
2019-09-18  9:11     ` [dpdk-dev] [PATCH v3 5/6] examples/ioat: add stats printing for each port Marcin Baran
2019-09-18  9:11     ` [dpdk-dev] [PATCH v3 6/6] doc/guides/: provide IOAT sample app guide Marcin Baran
2019-09-19  9:38     ` [dpdk-dev] [PATCH v4 0/6] examples/ioat: sample app on ioat driver usage Marcin Baran
2019-09-19  9:38       ` [dpdk-dev] [PATCH v4 1/6] examples/ioat: create " Marcin Baran
2019-09-19 14:44         ` Bruce Richardson
2019-09-19 14:46           ` Baran, MarcinX
2019-09-19  9:38       ` [dpdk-dev] [PATCH v4 2/6] examples/ioat: add software copy support Marcin Baran
2019-09-19  9:38       ` [dpdk-dev] [PATCH v4 3/6] examples/ioat: add rawdev copy mode support Marcin Baran
2019-09-19  9:38       ` [dpdk-dev] [PATCH v4 4/6] examples/ioat: add two threads configuration Marcin Baran
2019-09-19  9:38       ` [dpdk-dev] [PATCH v4 5/6] examples/ioat: add stats printing for each port Marcin Baran
2019-09-19  9:38       ` [dpdk-dev] [PATCH v4 6/6] doc/guides/: provide IOAT sample app guide Marcin Baran
2019-09-20  7:37       ` [dpdk-dev] [PATCH v5 0/6] examples/ioat: sample app on ioat driver usage Marcin Baran
2019-09-20  7:37         ` [dpdk-dev] [PATCH v5 1/6] examples/ioat: create " Marcin Baran
2019-09-27  9:58           ` Bruce Richardson
2019-09-20  7:37         ` [dpdk-dev] [PATCH v5 2/6] examples/ioat: add software copy support Marcin Baran
2019-09-27 10:01           ` Bruce Richardson
2019-09-27 14:01             ` Baran, MarcinX
2019-09-20  7:37         ` [dpdk-dev] [PATCH v5 3/6] examples/ioat: add rawdev copy mode support Marcin Baran
2019-09-27 10:05           ` Bruce Richardson
2019-09-27 14:03             ` Baran, MarcinX
2019-09-20  7:37         ` [dpdk-dev] [PATCH v5 4/6] examples/ioat: add two threads configuration Marcin Baran
2019-09-27 10:08           ` Bruce Richardson
2019-09-27 14:03             ` Baran, MarcinX
2019-09-20  7:37         ` [dpdk-dev] [PATCH v5 5/6] examples/ioat: add stats printing for each port Marcin Baran
2019-09-27 10:12           ` Bruce Richardson
2019-09-27 14:04             ` Baran, MarcinX
2019-09-20  7:37         ` [dpdk-dev] [PATCH v5 6/6] doc/guides/: provide IOAT sample app guide Marcin Baran
2019-09-27 10:36           ` Bruce Richardson
2019-09-27 14:14             ` Baran, MarcinX
2019-09-27 10:37           ` Bruce Richardson [this message]
2019-09-27 11:01           ` Bruce Richardson
2019-09-27 14:51             ` Baran, MarcinX
2019-09-27 15:00               ` Bruce Richardson
2019-09-27 15:16                 ` Baran, MarcinX
2019-09-27 13:22           ` Bruce Richardson
2019-09-27 15:13             ` Baran, MarcinX
2019-09-30  7:50         ` [dpdk-dev] [PATCH v6 0/6] examples/ioat: sample app on ioat driver usage Marcin Baran
2019-09-30  7:50           ` [dpdk-dev] [PATCH v6 1/6] examples/ioat: create " Marcin Baran
2019-09-30  7:50           ` [dpdk-dev] [PATCH v6 2/6] examples/ioat: add software copy support Marcin Baran
2019-09-30  7:50           ` [dpdk-dev] [PATCH v6 3/6] examples/ioat: add rawdev copy mode support Marcin Baran
2019-09-30  7:50           ` [dpdk-dev] [PATCH v6 4/6] examples/ioat: add two threads configuration Marcin Baran
2019-09-30  7:50           ` [dpdk-dev] [PATCH v6 5/6] examples/ioat: add stats printing for each port Marcin Baran
2019-09-30  7:50           ` [dpdk-dev] [PATCH v6 6/6] doc/guides/: provide IOAT sample app guide Marcin Baran
2019-10-03  9:48           ` [dpdk-dev] [PATCH v6 0/6] examples/ioat: sample app on ioat driver usage Bruce Richardson
2019-10-04 17:16           ` Kevin Traynor
2019-10-07 11:10             ` Bruce Richardson
2019-10-07 11:08         ` [dpdk-dev] [PATCH v7 0/6] examples/ioat: sample app for ioat driver Bruce Richardson
2019-10-07 11:08           ` [dpdk-dev] [PATCH v7 1/6] examples/ioat: new " Bruce Richardson
2019-10-07 11:08           ` [dpdk-dev] [PATCH v7 2/6] examples/ioat: add software copy support Bruce Richardson
2019-10-07 11:08           ` [dpdk-dev] [PATCH v7 3/6] examples/ioat: add rawdev copy mode support Bruce Richardson
2019-10-07 11:08           ` [dpdk-dev] [PATCH v7 4/6] examples/ioat: add two threads configuration Bruce Richardson
2019-10-27 17:04             ` Thomas Monjalon
2019-10-07 11:08           ` [dpdk-dev] [PATCH v7 5/6] examples/ioat: add stats printing for each port Bruce Richardson
2019-10-07 11:08           ` [dpdk-dev] [PATCH v7 6/6] doc/guides/: provide IOAT sample app guide Bruce Richardson
2019-10-27 17:07             ` Thomas Monjalon
2019-10-27 17:07           ` [dpdk-dev] [PATCH v7 0/6] examples/ioat: sample app for ioat driver Thomas Monjalon

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